The first signs of mange in dogs
Avoid contact with stray animals and maintain proper hygiene are key factors to prevent disease.
Scabies is one of the most widespread parasitic dermatosis geographically and is affecting a variety of mammals, including humans lies. Although cases of scabies in domestic dogs are getting smaller, you should know the symptoms of a possible infection.
Scabies, sarcoptic mange as scientifically as is one of the most known diseases, both the number of epidemics suffered throughout history as interspecies diversity affected. It is caused by the excavator mite, Sarcoptes scabiei var. canis.
This parasite is known for its rapid spread throughout the body infected and for its ability to infect new victims. To do this, the female mites were ‘buried’ under the animal’s skin, where they perform oviposition.
Also, while sarcoptic mange is the main variety of mange in dogs, the otodéctica Scabies is also a common infection in dogs. Caused by the mite Otodectes cynotis, this parasite tends to infect the outer ear; causes inflammation of the ear canal.
Symptoms of scabies in dogs
Although most infected dogs were suffering from mange a number of common symptoms, not everyone has the same disease process, since the severity of skin lesions may differ.
Typically, the first sign of the disease is sudden and intense itching. In part, this is due to itching skin sensitivity to the mite droppings as they spread under the skin of the animal.
In this infectious process, the dog ‘s body reacts with small initial protuberances whose scratching or even bite to mitigate itching, give rise to sores or scabs. Damaged areas may also suffer signs of alopecia.
In the initial stages, signs of mange in dogs are restricted to more local areas such as ears, nose, or elbows. In a second phase, due to the rapid spread of mites, chest, abdomen, or even the whole body, they have the characteristics of cutaneous lesions.
Furthermore, the term ‘scabies undercover’ is used for those cases where the condition is difficult to diagnose. It usually occurs in dogs whose fur, despite having mites, presents a clean look and care, fruit of hygiene, and regular brushing.
Diagnosis and treatment
To suspicions of a possible spread of mange in dogs, should go to the vet quickly. Thus, apart from avoiding the injury extends at the body, the risk of possible infection is decreased.
For diagnosis of the animal, the specialist performs a physical examination, with corresponding skin scrapings. It may also include the analysis of blood and feces to show the presence of the parasite.
When addressing the treatment, most value is that all dogs or infected patients who have been exposed receive medication. These will be administered orally or topically, even prior shaven needed in the affected areas.
In addition, simultaneously, it will be used as the shampoo antiseborrheic recommended in order to soften the scabs present.
Both in the healing process, as in preventing disease, it is essential to maintain good hygiene habits. This not only involves a routine bathing and frequent brushing but also should monitor the pet contact with other animals outside the home. In fact, cats and stray dogs are often the first foci of infection.
Fortunately, scabies is a parasitic disease of less concern today. The number of domestic cases is reduced, and, with early diagnosis, it can be cured quickly. However, it should bear in mind the ease of interspecific transmission, responsible for the epidemics’ historical factor of this disease.
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