Psoriasis in dogs: what to do?
Did you know that, like humans, dogs can also suffer from psoriasis?
Psoriasis dogs work the same way in humans. The skin is the first line of defense in the body of animals. This contains many elements to protect epidermal and immune components.
The reaction of these elements allows the skin to maintain homeostasis or balance. However, sometimes this response, as with allergies, it is given sprees and to substances which, in principle, should not be problematic.
What is psoriasis?
Dogs psoriasis has not been studied as in humans, which itself is a well – known cutaneous autoimmune disease. This condition is related to individual genetics and, although it can become chronic, may also be reversed under treatment.
This condition is characterized by excessive growth and proliferation of keratinocytes. These cells are the most abundant in the epidermis and contain a hard protein called keratin, which serves as protection.
It is believed that this excessive growth of these cells is given by the activation of the cellular immune system. T a type of white- blood cell and other cell types cells release substances that cause an inflammatory effect called psoriatic inflammation. In addition, the excessive growth of keratinocytes.
Psoriasis symptoms in dogs
As we said, psoriasis is an immune-mediated disease that can develop those dogs who carry it in their genome.
The immune system can excessively respond to certain allergens, causing specific symptoms. Unlike other allergies, symptoms of psoriasis are very specific:
- They appear very red, swollen skin areas.
- The affected areas suffer from an overgrowth of keratinocytes, resulting in the appearance of thick and abundant scales.
- Dryness in the affected regions, which could cause the appearance of painful cracks.
- Pruritis. Lack of hydration involves excessive itching.
- As a result of the above, four symptoms may appear in the dog alopecia themselves cause. In addition, the damaged areas can become infected.
- Generally, the animal ‘s coat becomes dry and dull.
Occasionally, psoriasis can affect other organs, also covered with epidermal cells such as the eyes, the digestive tract, or the respiratory system.
Psoriasis treatment in dogs
Like many other autoimmune diseases, psoriasis has no cure in dogs. However, there are treatments that can significantly improve symptoms.
If the disease is not very advanced and widespread, the use of topical treatments such as creams can help revitalize the skin. If, on the contrary, several psoriasis affects large areas of the body, it is better to opt for phototherapy or oral or injectable drugs.
Phototherapy involves exposing the animal to natural sunlight or artificial UV lamps. According to studies, this type of treatment, alone or in combination with drugs, improves skin condition if there is no sun allergy.
Injectable and oral treatments cause, often side effects. Typically, these effects reversed when treatment was stopped, but it is very important to take them into account. Therefore, depending on the drug, usually reserved for dogs with the advanced psoriatic state.
On the other hand, in addition to the above, we have other options to improve the health of our pets. This should always be recommended and be supervised by a veterinarian:
- Using specialized shampoos.
- Increased omega-3 in the diet.
- Offer a diet based on fresh foods with little risk of allergy or hypoallergenic commercial diet.
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